English 2: Critical Analysis And Intermediate Composition Ms. Blackwell Analysis Essay Write an essay of no less than 1,250 words and no more than 1,500 words (approximately 5-6 pages) using specific citations from American Indian Stories by Zitkala-Ša and at least four (4) additional sources to analyze a specific text-related problem (theme) and to argue for a proposed resolution. Introduction (approximately 150 words – about 1 paragraph)  Including the name of the writer and title of the text, summarize the primary reading in one or two sentences  Introduce the problem through one of the following techniques: ✓ Provocative question, series of questions, or opinion ✓ Startling statistic or surprising fact ✓ Relevant quotation or incident ✓ Striking image ✓ Personal narrative  State the thesis Background Information (approximately 200 words – about ¾ of a page; include at least 1 source)  Provide background information about the writer of the primary source (family, culture, experiences, etc.)  Discuss this background information in the context of the theme of your essay Statement of the Problem (approximately 350 words – about 1+ pages; include at least 1 source)  Describe the problem  Provide background information about the problem  Discuss why this is a problem Resolution (approximately 250 words – about 1 page; include at least 1 source)  Present one or two current efforts to address the problem and discuss the strengths and challenges of each effort  Propose an adaptation of a current effort so that it’s more effective or propose a new effort with an explicit detailed description  Defend why this is a good resolution Counter-argument and Response (approximately 200 words – about ¾ of a page; include at least 1 source)  Present a counter-argument that either argues this is not a problem or that challenges the statement of the problem (in whole or in part)  Respond to the counter-argument by explaining why you still hold your position and discussing why the reader should see your position as the strongest Conclusion (approximately 100 words – about 1 paragraph)  Summarize what you wrote in one or two sentences  Conclude with one of the following techniques: ✓ Call to action ✓ Question to provoke thought ✓ Final fact, statistic, claim, or prediction ✓ Relevant quotation or incident ✓ Striking image ✓ Personal narrative LastName 1 Student’s Last Name, First Name Ms. Blackwell English 2 Section # Date Community Justice vs. Criminal Justice American Indian Stories by Zitkala-Ša (born Gertrude Simmons), the daughter of a full-blooded Sioux woman and a white man, is a collection of autobiographical essays and short stories in rebuttal to the then-prevailing negative perceptions regarding Native Americans. The essays artfully defend a civilized Native American culture in contrast to the depiction of barbarous creatures in need of civilization, which served as a justification to exploit their land and possessions. Zitkala-Ša challenges the prevailing attitudes from the first person perspective of a Native American to dispel myths of savagery. In “The Trial Path,” a grandmother tells her granddaughter the story of her two husbands who were once like brothers until her then-current husband was killed by her lover. The trial to determine the murderer’s fate was to ride an untamed pony along a path to the home of the victim’s family; upon succeeding, the murdered man’s family embraced the murderer as their own son. This system of community justice is not the harsh ‘an eye for an eye’ model and is arguably more civilized than the U.S. criminal justice system, which is much more punitive than reformative and seemingly unsuccessful considering the recidivism rate (ADD A STATISTICAL SOURCE). The inhumanity of the system itself may be a contributing factor to the lack of success, so necessary reform efforts should begin with modeling after community justice programs instead of criminal justice systems. American Indian Stories, originally published in 1921, is a collection of fiction and nonfiction writings in three segments – autobiography, legends, and political propaganda. In the final installment, “America’s Indian Problem,” Zitkala-Ša moves beyond storytelling, including some of her political writings dedicated to changing unjust conditions. But even in the earlier stories, she advocates for the mistreated (ADD EXAMPLES). In contemporary society, people ensnared in the criminal justice system are often mistreated, and specifically addressing that mistreatment may lead to reducing the number of repeat offenders.

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