Response to discussion question 4

Respond in one or more of the following ways:

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  • Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
  • Offer and support an opinion.
  • Validate an idea with your own experience.
  • Make a suggestion.
  • Expand on your colleague’s posting.


The literature and historical data based on Article B is presented as a part of the introductory review. According to Creswell (2009, p-26) this form of literature review that is consisted with Related Literature” concerning qualitative research studies. The primacy behind this particular study chosen is primarily exploratory. In this particular article, the inclusion of the CBN organization may have contributed to success of the organization, but it has in no means provided evidentiary support for the global masses. The participant criterion doesn’t represent the greater population.

With respect to the author and the proposed literature, bias plays a significant impact in the research study. It is apparent that Dr. Alexander’s contention in this relevant study is to convey unmeasurable outcomes. Therefore, it is incumbent as a researcher to introduce the cultural concept early on in the research study (p.26). This particular article encompasses facets that draws inherent comparisons and contrasts to the subject matter with respect to results. In contrast to this qualitative analysis, Article B also introduces quantitative research as an introductory portion of its research. Creswell introduces the quantitative approach of this particular article when addressing the relationships of the private, public sector and the Community Based Non Profit Organization as a part of the problem set.

This description to explain the subject matter is inclusive as part of the proposed literature review (p.27). Cooper (1984) suggests that an integrative approach is considered nominal and from a qualitative and quantitative approach, the literature concept encompass the required message intent. The placement of the literature in a qualitative perspective is best suited in the beginning of the research to frame the problem set. With respect to a quantitative approach, the literature probably is best suited in a separate section of the study.

Determine if the literature is used to introduce a problem or a theory, or to direct readers to the research questions and hypotheses.

According to (Cooper, 1984; Marshall & Rossman, 2006) the literature review provides a framework for aggregating studies and providing benchmarks for comparative analysis. Evaluate the use of literature in each article. The whole idea with respect to literature reviews is locating and summarizing the actual topic. The best approach is to capture, evaluate and summarize literature comprehensively to the audience. Dr. Alexander did an excellent job in identifying the variables associated with the problem set She also acknowledge the dependent variable from the independent variables and its causations. Lastly, she pointed out that more research is needed on this particular topic based on her limited study. What is noteworthy in this discussion topic is to include more and or additional literature study at the end of the study (p.45). The purpose of literature is to present results of studies and to provide a framework for comparing similar studies. Qualitative research helps substantiate problem sets. Because of inclusive understanding from a participant perspective, qualitative literature is recommended at the end of the problem set. To ensure clarity and understanding, quantitative should always be presented as part of a separate review of the research study.


Alexander, J. & Nank, R. (2009). Public–Nonprofit partnership: Realizing the new public service. Administration & Society (41)3, 364–386. Retrieved from


Creswell, J. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.


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