Impact of Organizational Climate on Turnover Intention
However, since many decades various frameworks of organizational climate has been developed both conceptual as well as operational under different sets of situations and their research findings are highly diverse and often contradictory in nature. Retaining valuable employees is one of the ost crucial issue for todays competitive organizations as employees are considered as the most valuable asset and precious resource, which helps 27 Impact of Organizational Climate on Turnover Intention: An Empirical Analysis on Faculty Members of Technical Education of India to sustain in the dynamic environment.
It is usually in the organizations best interest to put its energy and time in retaining the quality employees that they already have instead of recruiting the new ones. However, increasing employee turnover has been a fashion now a days and the issue of employee turnover is the major reason for erformance inefficiency in many organizations in India. Indian organizations are being forced to undergo considerable transformation in their working system in order to sustain in todays competitive and dynamic environment.
In this context, it would be important to explore the factors that have the most positive impact on the performance of the organization. Organizational performance largely depends on the presence of satisfied and committed employees. Among various factors, attitudes and feelings of the individuals regarding their Jobs have been found to be significantly affecting their behaviors. Herzberg, Mausner, Peterson and Capwell, 1957; laffaldano and Muchinsky, 1985; Locke, 1970; Schwab and Cummings, 1970; Petty, McGee and Cavender, 1984).
Therefore, positive attitude towards Job can be generated by a healthy organizational climate resulting to a positive behavior towards turnover intention. This empirical study aims to identify various antecedents of organizational climate and also to investigate their impact on turnover intention of faculty members of technical educational institutes of India. Five antecedents of organizational climate (Orientation, Supervision, Communication, Decision Making, and Reward
Management) identified as independent variables with the help of through literature review of previous research in the associated field and broad discussion with faculty members. This study will shed some light for technical educational institutes that encounter high turnover rates of faculty members resulting from unfavorable organizational climate. Knowing more about faculty member’s intent to leave with relation to organizational climate is important to develop general guidelines to improve the relevant organizational climate factors that are found to be laking in the organizations.
Organizational Climate Organizational climate is a concept of employees’ attitude and feelings towards their organization which has great impact towards their working ways and contributions; in consequence organizational climate causes organization performance because this relates directly to employees’ satisfaction and commitment towards organization. Organisational climate forms part of the broader climate concept, which includes aspects of the social environment that are consciously perceived by the organisational members (Patterson et al. , 2004).