Crj105 criminal behavior – research paper – drug trafficking &

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– FOLLOW OUTLINE

– USE THE REFERENCES PROVIDED

– CITE REFERENCES IN-TEXT USING APA

 

Research Project Overview

The Research Project provides students an opportunity to apply what they have learned about crime and criminology during the length of the course. The overall goal of the Research Project is for students to choose a topic from the course text that interests and challenges them, analyze the topic by reviewing credible and evidence-based scholarly resources relative to the problems and challenges that exist, and apply the theories, concepts, and principles covered in the course. It is recommended that students review all of the assignments, requirements, and grading rubrics so that they know exactly what is expected of them throughout the course and for the final Research Project.

 

Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you:

  1. Give a brief explanation of your chosen topical area.
  2. Based on your chosen topic, define the problems and challenges that exist in crime and criminology. Explain the historical issues that have contributed to the problems and challenges.
  3. Address the internal and external stakeholders and how they contribute to both the problems and the solutions in crime and criminology.
  4. Discuss the data and information that you have collected while conducting research on your topic. Discuss how the data relates to the problems and challenges in crime and criminology.
  5. Develop a solution that addresses the problems and challenges in crime and criminology, based on your research.
  6. Use at least six (6) scholarly sources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia, Ask.com, Answers.com, Freedictionary.com, and other open source Websites do not qualify as scholarly.

Outline

 

Thesis: Organized crime in Mexico has surged over the past few years and is increasingly affecting the drug trafficking crisis in the United States.

 

I.  Introduction

1.      Thesis

2.      Organized Crime

a.       Definition – Organized crime is defined at the fbi.gov website as any group having some manner of a formalized structure and whose primary objective is to obtain money through illegal activities. 

3.      Drug Trafficking

a.       Definition – Drug trafficking is an illicit trade involving the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of substances which are subject to drug prohibition laws.

4.      Security in Mexico

5.      Role of U.S. Law Enforcement

 

II.    Body

1.      Mexico and the U.S. Drug Trafficking Crisis

2.      Background of Priority Areas

a.       Organized Crime

b.      Drug Trafficking  

3.      GAO Research – U.S. – Mexico Border Issues Relating to Drug Trafficking

a.       Nature of the Problem Discussed

b.      Effects on the U.S.

4.      Role of Law Enforcement

a.       Combined Policing Efforts in Mexico

b.      Countering the Threat over the Border

5.      The Future

a.       U.S. – Mexico Border Relations

 

III.Conclusion

1.      Thesis ­-

The drug trafficking situation in the United States has grown over the past few years from Mexico’s flourishing organized crime.

2.      Analytical Summary –

                Can the U.S. and Mexico combine policing efforts to reduce drug trafficking in the U.S.?

3.      Concluding Statement –

By examining the security situation in Mexico and assessing its impact on the United States, the increased drug trafficking in Mexico crossing the United States’ border can be controlled with collective policing efforts.

 

References

 

Beittel, J. S. (2011). Mexico’s Drug Trafficking Organizations: Source and Scope of the Rising

     Violence (R41576). Congressional Research Service.

Finklea, K. M. (2010). Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for Congress

     (R40525). Congressional Research Service.

Hagan, Frank E. (2013) Introduction to Criminology.  Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Kan, P. R. (2012). Cartels at War: Mexico’s Drug-Fueled Violence and the Threat to U.S.

     National Security. Dulles, VA: Potomac Books.

Organized Crime. (n.d.). Retrieved January 12, 2016, from https://www.fbi.gov/about-

     us/investigate/organizedcrime

U.S. – Mexico Border: Issues and Challenges Confronting the United States and Mexico

     (GAO/NSIAD-99-190). (1999). U.S. Government Accounting Office.

 

Links

Mexico’s Drug Trafficking Organizations: Source and Scope of the Rising Violence

By June S. Beittel

https://books.google.com/books?id=Z38r6HDRDPsC&pg=PA6&dq=drug+trafficking+mexico&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiIoMfVktfKAhUMFT4KHW2-BU8Q6AEIKzAB#v=onepage&q&f=false

Finklea, Kristin M. (2010).  Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for Congress. 

Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R40525.pdf


Hagan, Frank E. (2013) Introduction to Criminology. STUDENT COURSE BOOK

Cartels at War: Mexico’s Drug-fueled Violence and the Threat to U.S …

By Paul Rexton Kan

https://books.google.com/books?id=g6fLcqJOiN4C&printsec=frontcover&dq=drug+trafficking+mexico&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiIoMfVktfKAhUMFT4KHW2-BU8Q6AEIVTAJ#v=onepage&q&f=false

Organized Crime – FBI website

https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/organizedcrime

U.S.- Mexico border issues and challenges confronting the United States and  Mexico

Report by the GAO 

www.gao.gov

July 1999

https://books.google.com/books?id=nmNPXAVMwbMC&pg=PA20&dq=drug+trafficking+mexico&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiitenAlNfKAhWB4SYKHevVAjc4ChDoAQg5MAU#v=onepage&q&f=false

 

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Bibliographies:

 

Reference:

Beittel, J. S. (2011). Mexico’s Drug Trafficking Organizations: Source and Scope of the Rising

     Violence (R41576). Congressional Research Service.

 

Annotated Bibliography:

The Congressional Research Service (CRS) serves as shared staff to congressional committees and Members of Congress. CRS approaches complex topics from a variety of perspectives and examines all sides of an issue. Staff members analyze current policies and present the impact of proposed policy alternatives. June S. Beittel is an Analyst in Latin American Affairs. This resource provides background on drug trafficking in Mexico by categorizing the major drug trafficking organizations operating today and analyzing the scope and scale of the violence. The report studies current trends of the violence, analyzes prospects for curbing Mexico’s violence in the future. The goal of CRS reporting is to present drug strategy to reduce the activity of the drug trafficking organizations. Beittel’s research on Mexico’s drug trafficking organizations demonstrates the increasing concern about the violence into U.S. communities along the border and further inland.

 

 

Reference:

Finklea, K. M. (2010). Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for Congress

     (R40525). Congressional Research Service.

 

Annotated Bibliography:

This CRS report, Organized Crime in the United States by Kristin M. Finklea, centers on the issue on whether the evolving nature of organized crime requires new enforcement tools and if the concern is great enough for Congress to allocate resources to counter the threats. Finklea is an Analyst in Domestic Security for CRS. This report provides a background on organized crime in the United States as well as the tools that Congress has afforded for the federal government to combat it.  As a resource to the research paper, Organized Crime in the United States will provide a clear definition of corruption, summarize the background and explain the efforts Congress has produced in the past to combat organized crime.

 

 

Reference:

Hagan, Frank E. (2013) Introduction to Criminology.  Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

 

Annotated Bibliography:

Introduction to Criminology by Frank Hagan is the college course book. The book includes an overview of the major elements of the criminological enterprise. The objective is to classify and analyze different crime trends and patterns, analyze criminological theories, and conduct research. Hagan is the Director of the James V. Kinnane Graduate Program in Administration of Justice and is the author of several books and journal articles about criminology. As a resource for the research paper, Hagan has provided an introduction to criminology with thorough descriptions and explanations of criminal behavior. Hagan’s major interests in criminology and organized crime will assist me with the final details of the research and provide the necessary definitions of the course work.

 

Reference:

Kan, P. R. (2012). Cartels at War: Mexico’s Drug-Fueled Violence and the Threat to U.S.

     National Security. Dulles, VA: Potomac Books.

 

Annotated Bibliography:

Paul Kan has produced a brilliant analysis and reflective policy recommendations to deal with the alarming situation faced by the U.S.’s neighbor, Mexico, as they face a bloody and challenging internal battle to establish the rule of law in the face of the violent drug cartels. Kan’s Cartels at War book is the definitive work that is available to understand the struggle for Mexico’s organized crime and the threat that it places on the U.S. As a resource for the research paper, Cartels at War is the one of the best available sources for an intellectual understanding of the challenges the U.S. faces concerning the Mexican drug trafficking danger. Kan has provided a conceptual framework to understand this challenge and explains how the U.S. can recognize that a peaceful, law-abiding Mexico is vital to our future. Kan has done a thoroughly commendable analytical job of objective scholarship with this book.

 

 

Reference:

Organized Crime. (n.d.). Retrieved January 12, 2016, from https://www.fbi.gov/about-

     us/investigate/organizedcrime

 

Annotated Bibliography:

FBI.gov is an official site of the U.S. Government’s Department of Justice. FBI.gov works with international partners to build cases and disrupt groups with global ties. This government website provides resources about uncovering organized crime operations, identifying confidential sources and intelligence with analysis sharing and statistics. The FBI Organized Crime Program employs a methodology that yields a maximum impact, pursues targets with direct ties to international criminal enterprises, and ensures that targets are dismantled or significantly disrupted. By using FBI.gov as a resource, the research paper will have up-to-date, critical information and intelligence on the Mexican drug trafficking implications for the U.S. The Department of Justice law enforcement agencies have outstanding relationships with law enforcement agencies on both sides of the Mexico border. The Department strives to manage investigative activity and improve intelligence to effectively manage efforts with the goal of detecting, infiltrating, and dismantling drug trafficking groups that are directly responsible for the violence in Mexico.

 

 

Reference:

U.S. – Mexico Border: Issues and Challenges Confronting the United States and Mexico

     (GAO/NSIAD-99-190). (1999). U.S. Government Accounting Office.

 

Annotated Bibliography:

The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) is an independent agency that works for Congress. The GAO investigates how the U.S. federal government spends taxpayer dollars that supports Congress by helping to improve performance and ensure the accountability of the federal government for the benefit of the American people. To obtain statistics on the major issues on the U.S. – Mexico border, the GAO conducted an extensive literature search and relied on several GAO reports and government studies. GAO’s U.S. – Mexico Border Report outlines the strategy to develop closer relations with Mexico. These in-depth analysis summaries the nature of the major border issues and provides information on the U.S. Mexican efforts that are underway to address them. The GAO and Mexico consider drug trafficking to be the major threat to their national security and have endeavored to address drug-trafficking problems through coordination and development of a binational counter-narcotics strategy. As a resource for the research paper, this GAO report will identify the important implications of U.S. efforts to sanction illicit drugs and illegal immigration relating to organized crime and drug trafficking.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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